Marine Corps Birthday
November 18, 2013
November 10 was the birthday of the Marine Corps.
On this date in 1775, the Marine Committee was authorized by the Second Continental Congress to raise two battalions of Continental Marines. Marines were to be knowledgeable in maritime matters so that they could be used to strategic advantage. Samuel Nicholas was its first commissioned officer who recruited more than the specified two battalions at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia. Before this point, Marines were under three different military authorities: those who were under Washington in the army, those who were in the navy, and those that were privateers.
After the Revolutionary War, the Continental Marines were disbanded. When Congress found the money to re-establish the Corps, John Adams signed the bill on July 11, 1798. It continued as the anniversary until 1921 when Major Edwin McClellan of the historical section suggested that it be returned to the original date of November 10. Celebrations were formalized in 1952 with a cake cutting ceremony and reading of Marine Corps Order 47. They also place a wreath on the grave of Samuel Nicholas in Arch Cemetery, Philadelphia.
Midwest Genealogy Center